If you have kidney issues, there’s a good chance that you may have to follow a renal diet. This particular type of diet is meant to control your overall intake of specific nutrients.
Those under instruction to follow a renal diet have to pay attention to how much protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and overall fluids that are consumed.
The amount of all of these nutrients are determined depending on the individual’s condition. Following the guidelines exactly as prescribed is extremely important in keeping your health at its best.
The Do’s of a Renal Diet Plan
Eating by the book is extremely important to control your kidney health. If you have kidney disease, you know that you need to actively monitor the amount of sodium, phosphorus, and potassium intake.
Potassium works to keep your heartbeat regular, so it is critical to take in a measured amount of this particular nutrient.
At the same time, if you don’t keep an eye on it, potassium can cause significant problems.
Phosphorous is essential in maintaining your bone density and also aids in muscle movement and development. Typically, when you eat foods that contain this nutrient, it gets absorbed into your bones.
People suffering from kidney disease have problems with phosphorous because the kidneys can’t remove it from the bloodstream.
The Don’ts of a Renal Diet Plan
When it comes to monitoring your nutrient intake, there are specific things that you need to make sure to avoid.
If you take too much of these in, you could very well end up in a life-threatening situation if you’re not careful.
Sodium is a common element in cooking and food prep. You would recognize it as simple table salt. Controlling the amount of salt you ingest makes a huge difference in controlling kidney disease.
Potassium is a useful mineral that normally aids in your muscles. If you’re suffering from kidney issues, then potassium has a tendency to build up in your blood, causing heartbeat irregularities.
If the amount of potassium you take in isn’t kept in check, you could end up having a heart attack.
Much like potassium, phosphorous can build up in your bloodstream when your kidneys aren’t doing their job correctly. As a result, calcium is leached from your bones and collects in your blood vessels.
People that suffer from too much phosphorous may also face brittle bones leading to bone disease.
Best Foods to Eat on a Renal Diet
Foods containing antioxidants are ideal for eating if you’re on a renal diet. They protect against oxidation and therefore neutralize the bad stuff that could cause you significant problems.
If you have to follow a diet made to be good for your kidneys, here is a quick list of foods you should definitely include on a regular basis.
Olive oil contains oleic acid and works as an anti-inflammatory. It protects you against oxidation and prevents inflammation.
If you want to take advantage of the benefits of olive oil, be sure to buy extra virgin or virgin varieties.
Not only is fish a high-quality protein source, but it also contains the healthy fats that are perfect for an individual on a renal diet.
Health fats fight heart disease, lower bad cholesterol, and raise high cholesterol.
As egg whites are pure protein, not only will you get quality protein, you’ll also get essential amino acids when you eat them.
On a renal diet, egg whites deserve some extra attention because they also have a low amount of phosphorous for a two-egg white serving.
In a single half-cup serving of red grapes, you’ll get what are called flavonoids. Flavonoids work to protect you against heart disease in addition to reducing blood clot formation.
Grapes are also perfect as a thirst quencher if you happen to be under a strict fluid restriction under your renal diet plan.
Strawberries are rich in antioxidants in addition to being a fantastic source of Vitamin C. You’ll also find trace minerals like manganese that are important for your body.
They are also very versatile. Even on a renal diet, you can eat strawberries by themselves, in a smoothie, or as a topping for a salad.
Not only do cranberries work to protect you from bladder infections, but they also work to improve gastrointestinal health.
You can drink plain cranberry juice, be sure that it’s not a cocktail, and you can also add dried cranberries to your snack list.
Apples have a longstanding reputation for being especially good at reducing cholesterol and protecting you from heart disease.
As a fantastic option for kidney patients, apples can be eaten raw, baked, as apple sauce, juice, or even cider.
Onions also have a potent set of antioxidants that are just waiting to be released every time you take a bite. The flavonoids found in onions also work to fight heart disease as well as cancers.
Eat them raw or cooked. Either way, you want to eat them, they’re an excellent choice on a renal diet.
Garlic has a lot of health benefits that are often shared among health-conscious circles. Did you know that garlic is also an excellent choice for a renal patient?
You can use fresh cloves, minced, powdered, and other varieties to your heart’s content. Just remember to use plain garlic and not garlic salt when you use it.
Cauliflower is high I folate, vitamin C, as well as fiber. You’ll also find plenty of things inside cauliflower that will help your liver function better.
You can eat it raw with a dip, mash it as a mashed potato replacement, or dice it up and use it as a replacement for rice.
How to Know if You’re in Renal Failure
There are some important things to note whether or not you are in the midst of kidney failure, also known as renal failure. At times, the kidneys can even stop working unexpectedly which is known as acute renal failure.
When your kidneys are beginning to fail, there are certain symptoms you should not simply dismiss. You’ll feel itching, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, swelling, lack of appetite, trouble sleeping, and several others.
If you’re experiencing acute renal failure, then you’re going to have additional symptoms that seem t show up relatively quickly. You may feel pain in your stomach or in your back. You may also experience diarrhea and fever. Nosebleeds and vomiting are also not uncommon in sudden onset of kidney failure.
Should you experience any of the above symptoms simultaneously, contact your doctor for instruction as to what to do next.
Renal Diet Plan Recipes
As you embark upon a renal diet, you need to adjust your food and your thinking about food. With everything you have to give up and modify, having a few recipes will help you get started. Davita has a wealth of information available to you regarding recipes and many other informational articles that will help you deal with kidney disease, too.
To help you get started, we’re going to present a few ideas that are easy to prepare and get you started on the right track for a renal diet.
Broccoli Beef Stir-Fry
- 1Chop up the garlic and tomato. In a pan, heat up the oil and add the garlic.
- 2Add the broccoli and stir-fry until fully cooked. Remove when done.
- 3Add the beef to the pan and cook as necessary.
- 4Combine broth, cornstarch, and soy sauce in a separate bowl.
- 5Add cooked vegetables, sauce mixture, and tomatoes to the pan. Cook until sauce thickens.
- 6Serve with rice.
Lisa’s Yummy Turkey Burgers
- 1Chop up the red onion and mix all ingredients in a bowl until well-combined.
- 2Once it is all combined, cover the mixture and put it in the fridge for at least half an hour.
- 3Divide the mixture into 4 equal-sized portions. Make patties.
- 4Cook in a skillet until the patties are done.
Easy Pizza Dough
- 1Preheat your oven to 450 degrees Fahrenheit.
- 2Pour water into a measuring cup and heat to approximately 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Add the oil and set the water/oil mixture aside.
- 3Combine 2 cups of flour, salt, and yeast into a bowl. Slowly add the warm water and form the dough. Stir in more flour as needed until it doesn’t stick to your hands.
- 4Divide the dough in half to create two dough balls. Cover the dough and let it rise for approximately 10 minutes.
- 5Press the pizza into a pan or on a pizza stone. Spread the sauce and add toppings. Bake the pizza for 12 to 16 minutes until the top is bubbly and brown.
Following a Renal Diet
If you end up having to follow a renal diet, rest assured that it is not a horrible sentence that is yet to be carried out. Instead, look at it like it’s an opportunity to explore foods, tastes, and textures that you hadn’t tried as of yet.
Remember, if you are following a renal diet, it’s for a good reason – to keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible to make your quality of life better.
There are so many resources available to you both online and in-person which means that you can find plenty of food options that will work perfectly for your needs.